[7], B. alleghaniensis prefers to grow in cooler conditions and is often found on north facing slopes, swamps, stream banks, and rich woods. [14] Additionally, the type specimen of Betula excelsa was found not to be a yellow birch, making Betula alleghaniensis the oldest and correct replacement name for the illegitimate B. This species shows some resistance to bronze birch borer. Its wood is relatively strong, close grained, and heavy. The thin, water-impervious bark provided roofing, canoes, and shoes for North American Indians and early settlers. Yellow birch’s shiny, straw-yellow or bronze-colored bark peels horizontally into paper-thin curls and makes this tree easy to identify during any season. Birches were among the first trees to become established after the glaciers receded. Our trees. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. [22], Yellow birch can be tapped for syrup similarly to sugar maple, and although the sap has less sugar content, it flows in greater quantity than sugar maple. It is a widely ranging Midwest and Eastern tree with a range that extends north to Newfoundland where it grows best in moist environments. [2] Sweet birch also has black non-peeling bark compared to the lighter, bronze colored, peeling bark of yellow birch. [2], The yellow birch was first described by François André Michaux in 1812 as Betula lutea. The tree is fairly deep-rooted and sends out several long lateral roots. It mostly reproduces by seed. [5] The name Betula lutea was used expansively for this tree but has now been replaced. alleghaniensis to build dwellings, lodges, canoes, storage containers, sap dishes, rice baskets, buckets, trays and dishes and place on coffins when burying the dead. Yellow birch is named for its characteristic shiny-golden, peeling bark. Before leaves appear i… The Yellow Birch (Betula alleghaniensis) – known for its distinctive, golden peeling bark – is a native, deciduous tree that grows throughout New York State and the Adirondack Mountains.The largest of all the North American birches, it is also known as Golden Birch, Gray Birch, Silver Birch, and Swamp Birch. This tree is limited to a cool, moist habitat. When the sap is boiled down, the wintergreen evaporates and leaves a syrup not unlike maple syrup. Have tree and plant questions? Bark is slightly peeling. Mature trees typically start producing seeds at about 40 years but may start as young as 20. Good seed crops are not produced every year, and tend to be produced in intervals of 1–4 years with the years between good years having little seed production. [13] In 1904, Nathaniel Lord Britton described what he considered to be a new closely related species of birch as Betula alleghaniensis, differing from B. lutea by its shorter fruiting scales and mostly cordate (vs. rarely cordate) leaf bases. [3] Due to the thin bark of the tree yellow bellied sapsuckers feed on this tree by drilling holes in the tree and collecting the sap. French name: Bouleau jaune Synonym(s): Swamp birch Taxonomic Serial Number: 19481 509506 [syn. The name Betula lutea was used expansively for this tree but has now been replaced. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Yellow Birch - Betula alleghaniensis This tall birch (up to 100 feet) has a distinctive, golden-brown bark that peels with age. Among the largest of birches, yellow birch grows to 30 m (100 feet) on cool, moist bottomlands and on drier soils to elevations of 1,950 m. On limbs and young trunks the silvery yellow bark peels in paper-thin curls; on old trunks it is red-brown, deeply grooved, and broken into irregular plates. [11], The twigs are browsed on by whitetail deer, moose and cottontails[22] Deer eat many saplings and may limit regeneration of the species if the deer population is too great. Scenic landscape with lake and fall colors at morning light. [10], Sugar maple (Acer saccharum) exerts allelopathic effects on seedlings of yellow birch and decreases their growth ability. The yellow birch is … [24], Yellow birch is often associated with eastern hemlock throughout its range due to their similar preferences in habitat. [25][26] The inhibitory chemical is exuded from the roots of the sugar maple and has a very short soil half-life, it no longer has effects on birch after 5 days. Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) is also known as gray birch, silver birch, and swamp birch; a medium to large deciduous tree that grows 60 to 80 feet (maximum 100 feet) with a trunk diameter of 2 to 4 feet.Yellow birch is one of the largest of the eastern hardwoods. Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) is a striking tree: golden, metallic bark shines among the greys and browns of other trees. [8][10][22] Most wood sold as birch in North America is from this tree. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to max. Yellow birch, an Illinois native, has a silvery bronze bark that peels into small strips. Herb: Yellow Birch Latin name: Betula alleghaniensis Synonyms: Betula lutea Family: Betulaceae (Birch Family) Medicinal use of Yellow Birch: Yellow birch is little used medicinally, though a decoction of the bark has been used by the native North American Indians as a blood purifier, acting to cleanse the body by its emetic and cathartic properties. 30 m (99 ft) high. LAST DAYS TO ORDER: Leather- DEC 11, International DEC 11, 1ST Class Shipping- DEC 15, Priority- DEC 21 *These dates are approximate if you wish to receive your order in time for Christmas. f.] Most wood sold as birch in North America is from this tree. Birch species are generally small to medium-sized trees or shrubs, mostly of northern temperate and boreal climates. It was once popular for wagon wheels. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Birch is a native hardwood that comes from the genus Betula. [25], It is listed as endangered in Illinois. The standard office door in the US is a veneer of yellow birch (ca. lutea. The lower layer of the bark contains a compound that tastes and smells like wintergreen or root beer. The bark of a young yellow birch is a dark reddish brown, but when the tree reaches maturity, the bark becomes more of a shiny yellow-brown color. The bark of yellow birch is unique. Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch or golden birch, is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America. Fall color is yellow. The cousin of our most-identifiable tree, the white or “paper” birch (Betula papyrifera), yellow birch has many of the same attributes: bark with little horizontal “dashes,” peeling horizontally. [3][4][17], Several varieties have been named,[18] but are not recognized as distinct by modern authors:[19][20][6], Its native range extends from Newfoundland to Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, southern Quebec and Ontario, and the southeast corner of Manitoba in Canada, west to Minnesota, and south in the Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. From shop Statcommander. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. On older trunks the smooth bark breaks open and curls back in thin plates. It is also known as Betula lutea. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. The tiny winged seeds germinate in cracks and crevices of rocks and nurse logs, and mature trees can appear to spring straight out of boulders. Broken twigs have a wintergreen smell. [6][3] The Ojibwe make a compound decoction from the inner bark and take it as a diuretic. Bark. Situated in a wide range across the northern U.S. and Canada, yellow birch grows best in rich, moist woodlands by rivers and streams. Yellow birch is named for its characteristic shiny-golden, peeling bark. [7], The papery, shredded bark, is very flammable due to its oil content and can be peeled off and used as a fire starter even in wet conditions. Hardiness zone 3b. Grows well over a range of soil pH from acid to alkaline.Performs best in areas where summers are cool. [27], Yellow birch is considered the most important species of birch for lumber and is the most important hardwood lumber tree in eastern Canada; as such, the wood of Betula alleghaniensis is extensively used for flooring, furniture, doors, veneer, cabinetry, gun stocks and toothpicks. Trees in the northeast, which typically grow in cool ravines but are common throughout woodlands, can reach prodigious sizes. 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